As the name suggests, Gastro or Gaster means Stomach and Paresis means Partial, is a medical condition wherein the spontaneous moment of the muscles in our stomach is slowed down or sometimes doesn’t work at all. This results in food and liquid remaining in your stomach, ultimately leading your stomach into getting only half emptied. Gastroparesis is also known as delayed gastric emptying.
What Gastroparesis does is it interferes with normal digestion, causing vomiting, nausea and problems related to blood sugar levels. While the cause of Gastroparesis is still unknown, it is presumed that Gastroparesis is caused due to complications occurring in diabetes or complications due to surgery.
What Causes Gastroparesis?
As mentioned in the earlier paragraph, it’s not always clear what leads to Gastroparesis. Although, researchers are of a point that a severe damage to the Vagus nerve, (nerve that controls the stomach muscles) could be a cause of Gastroparesis.
The main function of the Vagus nerve is to help simplify the digestion process in your digestive tract. This is done by signalling the muscles in your stomach to contract and push food into the small intestine. When this Vagus nerve gets damaged, it fails to send signals to your muscles in the stomach causing food to remain for long time span, leading to Gastroparesis.
Signs And Symptoms Of Gastroparesis.
Many people with Gastroparesis don’t have any noticeable signs and symptoms. But a few that can still be considered as signs are as follows:
- Weight loss
- Abdominal bloating and abdominal pain
- Acid reflux or GERD
- Vomiting undigested food
- Feeling full even after eating less
- Changes in blood sugar levels
- Lack of Appetite
There are several factors that can increase the risk of Gastroparesis in you such as diabetes, infection – usually a virus, abdominal or esophageal surgery, scleroderma, Parkinson’s disease, and hypothyroidism. Other causes of Gastroparesis include imbalances of minerals in the blood such as potassium, calcium or magnesium, medications (such as narcotic pain-relievers), and thyroid disease. It is a fact that women are more prone to develop Gastroparesis than men are.
Preventive Is Better Than Cure
Although the causes of Gastroparesis could be hereditary or genetic, there are a few safety tips that you can follow to avoid getting infected by Gastroparesis. One very common thing that you can do is to make a habbit of consuming smaller and more frequent portions of food as less food makes emptying stomach faster. Try to intake foods with Low Fat Count and less Dietary Fibres to help emptying the stomach faster. Food should be chewed well since the grinding action of the stomach is made easier.
Horizon Prime Hospital works together as a team to provide coordinated and comprehensive care for people suffering from Gastroparesis. Dr. Amit Maydeo is the best Gastroenterologist at Horizon Prime Hospital Thane and is a specialist at treating Gastroparesis. Schedule your visit with our Gastroenterologist, if you have a slightest of doubt of having infected with Gastroparesis or have any of the symptoms mentioned above continuing since a long time.