Horizon Prime Hospital - Thane

The Effect Of Diabetes On Your Kidneys And Eyes

When your body does not produce enough insulin or is unable to use it properly, you have a disorder called diabetes. Diabetes can have a huge effect on your kidneys– one such disease that it causes is diabetic neuropathy or diabetic kidney disease. It is a serious complication of type 1 and types 2 diabetes that affects the kidneys’ ability to remove waste and extra fluid in the body.

Around 25% of people are likely to be affected by kidney diseases caused by diabetes. The kidneys’ filtering system is delicate and over the years, the condition slowly damages it. As the condition progresses, it could lead to kidney failure which is also called end-stage kidney disease.

During the early stages of diabetic neuropathy, one may not notice the signs or symptoms but as it progresses, you may notice the following signs:

  1. Swelling of the feet, ankles and eyes,
  2. Loss of appetite,
  3. Protein in the urine,
  4. Increasing need to urinate,
  5. Fluctuating blood pressure,
  6. Shortness of breath,
  7. Difficulty concentrating,
  8. Confusion,
  9. Fatigue and
  10. Nausea and vomiting.

What can you do to prevent damage to your kidneys?

  1. Control your blood sugar levels,
  2. Control your blood pressure,
  3. Control your cholesterol and lipid levels,
  4. Limit the amount of protein in your diet,
  5. Difficulty passing urine should be immediately looked into and
  6. Reduce the amount of salt in your diet

Early intervention, treatment, and prevention are important. Talk to your doctor or physician if you face any of these problems and discuss a treatment plan with them.

Diabetes not only affects your kidneys but also your eyes. Due to high blood sugar, there are changes in the fluid levels or swelling of the tissues in your eyes that result in the blurring of vision. In the short-term period, when your glucose period returns to normal, you regain your vision. In the long run, if your glucose remains high for a long time, the blood vessels behind your eyes could get damaged, which leads to fluid or blood leaks and swelling.

Some of the ways that diabetes can affect your eyes are:-

  1. Blurry vision,
  2. Cataract,
  3. Glaucoma,
  4. Diabetic retinopathy,
  5. Headaches,
  6. Eye pain,
  7. Watery eyes and
  8. Halos around lights

What can you do to prevent damage to your eyes:-

  1. Control your blood sugar levels,
  2. Control your cholesterol levels,
  3. Comprehensive eye checkups,
  4. Quit smoking and drinking and
  5. Get regular physical exercises

If you are diabetic, it is important to get regular eye checkups done. Prevention is always better than cure. Build up a treatment plan with your doctor.